Section I Use of English
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
In 1924 America's National Research Council sent two engineers to supervise a series of industrial experiments at a large telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago. It hoped they would learn how stop-floor lighting ___1___ workers' productivity. Instead, the studies ended ___2___ giving their name to the "Hawthorne effect", the extremely influential idea that the very ___3___ to being experimented upon changed subjects' behavior.
The idea arose because of the behavior of the women in the ___4___ Hawthorne plant. According to ___5___ of the experiments, their hourly output rose when lighting was increased, but also when it was dimmed. It did not ___6___ what was done in the experiment; ___7___ something was changed, productivity rose. A(n) ___8___ that they were being experimented upon seemed to be ___9___ to alter workers' behavior ___10___ itself.
After several decades, the same data were ___11___ to econometric the analysis. Hawthorne experiments has another surprise store ___12___ the descriptions on record, no systematic ___13___ was found that levels of productivity were related to changes in lighting.
It turns out that peculiar way of conducting the experiments may be have let to ___14___interpretation of what happed. ___15___, lighting was always changed on a Sunday. When work started again on Monday, output ___16___ rose compared with the previous Saturday and ___17___ to rise for the next couple of days. ___18___, a comparison with data for weeks when there was no experimentation showed that output always went up on Monday, workers ___19___ to be diligent for the first few days of the week in any case, before ___20___ a plateau and then slackening off. This suggests that the alleged "Hawthorne effect" is hard to pin down.
1. [A] affected [B] achieved [C] extracted [D] restored
2. [A] at [B] up [C] with [D] off
3. [A] truth [B] sight [C] act [D] proof
4. [A] controversial [B] perplexing [C] mischievous [D] ambiguous
5. [A] requirements [B] explanations [C] accounts [D] assessments
6. [A] conclude [B] matter [C] indicate [D] work
7. [A] as far as [B] for fear that [C] in case that [D] so long as
8. [A] awareness [B] expectation [C] sentiment [D] illusion
9. [A] suitable [B] excessive [C] enough [D] abundant
10. [A] about [B] for [C] on [D] by
11. [A] compared [B] shown [C] subjected [D] conveyed
12. [A] contrary to [B] consistent with [C] parallel with [D] peculiar to
13. [A] evidence [B] guidance [C] implication [D] source
14. [A] disputable [B] enlightening [C] reliable [D] misleading
15. [A] In contrast [B] For example [C] In consequence [D] As usual
16. [A] duly [B] accidentally [C] unpredictably [D] suddenly
17. [A] failed [B] ceased [C] started [D] continued
20. [A] breaking [B] climbing [C] surpassing [D] hitting
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