四級詞匯:

1. acquaint /?'kwent/ vt. (with) 使了解
The Internet and newspapers acquaint us with recent happenings around the world. 互聯網和報紙使我們能及時了解天下之事。

2. advantage /?d'v?nt?d?/ n. 優點;好處
Every advantage has its disadvantage. 有利必有弊。

3. certificate /s?'t?f?k?t/ n. 證書,執照
These three certificates establish a claim against you for quality discrepancy. 這三份證明書證實質量不符,所以我們向貴公司提出索賠。

4. civil /'s?vl/ adj. 公民的,國內的;民用的;民事的;文明的
Until now, Gone with the Wind, a film about the American Civil War, has still been regarded as the best Hollywood make. 直到現在,《亂世佳人》(《飄》)這部關于美國內戰的影片仍被認為是好萊塢的扛鼎之作。

5. conflict /'kɑnfl?kt/ n. 沖突;戰爭;vi. 沖突
Do American immigration laws conflict with any international laws? 美國的移民法與國際法有抵觸嗎?

6. counter /'ka?nt?/ n. 柜臺;籌碼;計數器;vt. 反駁;ad. 反方向地
I countered her arguments by pointing out the advantages of my plan. 我指出自己所做計劃的優點以反駁她的論點。

7. detective /d?'t?kt?v/ n. 偵探
Edgar Allan Poe’s The Murders in the Rue Morgue is considered the world's first real detective story. 埃德加·愛倫·坡的小說《莫格街謀殺案》被認為是世界上第一本真正的偵探小說。

8. dismiss /d?s'm?s/ vt. 不再考慮;解雇;解散;駁回
Bryant claims he was unfairly dismissed from his post. 布賴恩特聲稱自己被無理免職。

9. evident /'?v?d?nt/ adj. 明顯的
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal. (Thomas Jefferson) 我們認為這些真理不證自明——人皆生而平等。(托馬斯·杰斐遜)

10. filter /'f?lt?/ n. 濾器;v. 過濾;(消息等)走漏
All drinking water must be filtered. 飲用水都必須過濾凈化。

11. govern /'ɡ?v?n/ vt. 統治;支配
Britain has a queen, but it is the prime minister and the cabinet who govern. 英國有女王,但執政的是首相和內閣。

12. inhabitant /?n'h?b?t?nt/ n. 居民
American Indians were the earliest inhabitants of America. 美洲印第安人是美洲最早的居民。

13. lodge /lɑd?/ vi. 借宿;vt. 供……以臨時住宿;n. 鄉間小屋
The travelers lodged in motels every night. 這些旅行者每晚都借宿汽車旅館。

14. intermediate /??nt?'mid??t/ adj. 中間的;中級的
The pupa is at an intermediate stage of development; it is intermediate between the egg and the adult butterfly. 蛹是蝴蝶發育的中間階段,介于卵和成蟲之間。

15. jealous /'d??l?s/ adj. 妒忌的;精心守護的
Some girls easily get jealous of other girls’ beauty. 有些女孩容易妒忌其他女孩的美貌。

16. loose /lus/ adj. 松的;不精確的;自由的
The older you become, the looser your skin will be. 年紀越大,皮膚就會越松弛。

17. loosen /'lusn/ v. 解開;松弛
You should loosen up (your muscles) before and after doing physical exercises. 運動前后,應該放松一下(肌肉)。

18. necessity /n?'s?s?ti/ n. 必需品;必要(性)
Those refugees lack money even for basic food and water-the necessities of life. 那些難民沒錢買起碼的食品和水等生活的必需品。

19. objection /?b'd??k??n/ n. 反對;反對的理由
“What do you think of my proposal?” “I don't have any objection to it.”“你覺得我的建議怎么樣?”“我沒異議。”

20. preface /?pref?s/ n. 序言
The characteristics of this book are mentioned on the cover and in the preface. 本書的特色在封面和前言都有提及。

21. proportion /pr?'p?r??n/ n. 比例;部分;均衡
The proportion of boys to girls is usually about four to one in science and engineering colleges. 理工大學的男女生比例通常是4:1。

22. render /'r?nd?/ vt. 使得;給予;翻譯
Fatness renders a person clumsy. 身體肥胖使人笨拙。

23. representative /'r?pr?'z?nt?t?v/ n. 代表;adj.(of)有代表性的
In Britain, representatives in the House of Commons are elected by the British people. 在英國,下議院代表是英國人民選出的。

24. somehow /'s?mha?/ ad. 用某種方法;不知怎么地
Maybe we could glue it together somehow or other. 說不定我們會有辦法把它給粘起來。

25. somewhat /'s?mw?t/ ad. 稍微,有點
It is somewhat difficult to answer this question. 要回答這個問題有點困難。

26. specify /'sp?s?fa?/ vt. 明確說明
It is against federal law in the U.S. to specify skin colour in a newspaper ad for roommates. 在美國,在報紙廣告上具體指明合租者必須是某種膚色是違反聯邦法律的。

27. strategy /'str?t?d?i/ n. 戰略,策略
Mao Zedong was a great strategist skilled in military strategy. 毛和諧澤東是一位善于制定軍事策略的偉大的軍事戰略家。

28. typical /'t?p?kl/ adj. 典型的
The architecture of the Chinese imperial garden the Old Summer Palace has a typical baroque style—highly ornate and extravagant. 中國帝王御花園圓明園的建筑風格是典型的巴洛克風格——裝飾極其奢華。

29. vice /va?s/ n. 缺點;邪惡,惡行
Greed, jealousy, dishonesty and lewdness are considered to be vices; and of all vices, lewdness is the worst. 貪婪、嫉妒、欺詐和淫欲被視為惡行,而萬惡淫為首。

30. appetite /'?p??ta?t/ n. 胃口;欲望
A good appetite is a good sauce. (諺)饑不擇食。(好胃口是好的調味汁。)


六級詞匯:

1. alert /?'l??t/ a. 警覺的 vt. 向……報警;使意識到 n. 警戒;警報
Keeping alert in the fire is important for people's finding the way out. 發生火警時,保持機警對于人們逃生來講很重要。

2. fatal /'fe?tl/ a. 致命的;重大的
“To be or not to be” was the fatal decision for Hamlet. 對于哈姆雷特來說,“是活下去,還是選擇死亡"是一個重大的決定。”

3. behalf /b?'hɑ?f/ n. 利益,方面
Mother Teresa’s efforts on behalf of Calcutta’s poor eventually brought her the Nobel Peace Prize. 德蘭修女為加爾各答窮人所做的一切努力最終為她贏得了諾貝爾和平獎。

4. decline /d?'kla?n/ n./v. 下降;衰退;謝絕
Cinderella had to decline the prince’s invitation and returned home before 12 o’clock at night. 灰姑娘不得不謝絕王子,在晚上12點之前趕回家。

5. collapse /k?'l?ps/ vi./n. 倒塌;崩潰
Numerous houses collapsed in the Wenchuan Earthquake in 2008. 2008年,無數的房屋在汶川地震中倒塌。

6. negative /'neg?t?v/ a. 否定的;消極的;負的 n. 底片;負數
I didn't do well in the interview with Unilever and I am afraid of getting a negative response. 我到聯合利華公司的面試不理想,現在真害怕收到否定的答復。

7. obligation /?bl?'ge??n/ n. 義務,責任
Supporting elderly parents is every adult's obligation. 贍養上年紀的父母是每個成年人的義務。

8. hostile /'h?sta?l/ a. 敵意的;敵方的
It was very strange how hostile she was to all the beautiful girls approaching her husband. 很奇怪,她對所有接近她丈夫的漂亮女孩都心存敵意。

9. inferior /?n'f??r??/ a. 劣等的;下級的 n. 下級
No inferior products should be allowed to pass. 決不允許放過任何次品。

10. formal /'f??ml/ a. 正式的;形式上的
Business letters are usually formal, but we write in an informal way to family members or friends. 商業信件通常都是講究格式的,但我們給家人或朋友寫信就比較隨便了。

11. launch /l??nt?/ vt. 發動;(into, in)使開始從事;使下水;發射 n. 發射,投產
Early Bird, the world’s first commercial communications satellite, was launched from Cape Kennedy in Florida in 1965. 世界上第一個商用通信衛星—“晨鳥”衛星于1965年在(美國)佛羅里達州的肯尼迪角發射。

12. identical /a?'dent?kl/ a.(to, with)相同的
My opinions are not always identical with my parents’. 我的意見并不總是和父母的意見相同。

13. mechanism /'mekn?z?m/ n. 機械裝置;機制;辦法
The watch made in Switzerland works well. The mechanisms must be very special. 這塊瑞士產的表走得很好,它的裝置一定很特別。

14. internal /?n't??nl/ a. 內的;國內的;內心的
A theory has its internal logic. 每種理論都有其內在邏輯性。

15. elaborate /?'l?b?r?t/ a. 精心計劃的;復雜的 vi. 詳述 vt. 詳述;詳細制訂
Just tell me the plain facts. No need to elaborate. 告訴我簡單的事實就行了,不要詳細說明。

16. expense /?k'spens/ n. 花費;(pl.)開支
House repairs, holidays and other expenses reduced her bank balance to almost nothing. 修房子、度假和其他開銷使她在銀行的存款所剩無幾。

17. bulk /b?lk/ n. (巨大)物體;主體;(大)量 vi. 變得越來越大(或重要) vt. 使更大(或更厚)
The bulk of the chickens had to be killed because of the bird flu virus. 由于禽流感病毒,大部分的雞都不得不被宰殺掉。

18. arbitrary /'ɑ?b?tr?r?/ a. 任意的;專斷的
The diet for people who are on a diet imposes overall calorie limits, but daily menus are arbitrary. 減肥食譜規定了總的熱量限制,但每天的菜單可據喜好自定。

19. competition /?k?mp??t??n/ n. 競爭,比賽
The competition between Coca Cola and Pepsi Cola has been on for a long time. 可口可樂與百事可樂的競爭由來已久。

20. chip /t??p/ n. 碎片;(常pl.)炸土豆條;集成電路片;瑕疵;籌碼 vt. 削下
Friends are chocolate chips in the cookie of life. 在生活中,朋友就像曲奇餅上的巧克力碎片。

21. stock /st?k/ n. 庫存;股票;世系;湯汁;(總稱)家畜 v. 儲備 a. 常備的
The New York stock exchange crashed in 1929. 紐約股票交易所于1929年大崩潰。

22. panic /'p?n?k/ n. 驚慌 v.(使)恐慌
SARS or atypical pneumonia once caused a great panic among people. 非典型性肺炎曾引起人們極大的恐慌。

23. peer /p??/ n. 同齡人;貴族 vt. 仔細看
To lessen peer (group) pressure, many schools require their students to wear uniforms. 為減少來自同齡群體的壓力,許多學校要求學生們穿校服。

24. rarely /'re?l?/ ad. 不常,難得
Rarely is progress made in giant leaps. 很少有一步登天的事情。

25. abandon /?'b?nd?n/ vt. 放棄;拋棄
The heartless man abandoned his disabled wife and ran away with all their money. 那個沒良心的男人拋棄了殘疾的妻子,還卷走了兩人所有的錢。

26. complain /k?m'ple?n/ vi. 抱怨;投訴
Don’t always complain; remember this: no pains, no gains. 別總是抱怨個不停,記住:一分耕耘,一分收獲。

27. acknowledge /?k'n?l?d?/ vt. 承認;確認;報償
Michael Jordan was acknowledged as the best basketball player in the NBA. 邁克爾·喬丹是公認的前NBA最佳籃球選手。

28. function /'f??k??n/ n. 功能;職能;重大聚會;函數 vi. 運行
An old machine won’t function properly if you don't oil it regularly. 舊機器如果不經常上油是不能正常運轉的。

29. circuit /'s??k?t/ n. 電路;環行
I run two circuits of the track every morning in order to pass the 800-meter running test. 為了800米考試過關,我每天早晨沿跑道跑兩圈。

30. scandal /'sk?ndl/ n. 丑事;流言飛語;反感
The former president of the Philippines took tax money for his own use. It was such a scandal. 菲律賓前總統貪污稅款,可謂一大丑聞。?

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